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Andalusia consists of eight provinces. The latter were established by Javier de Burgos in the territorial division of Spain. Each of the Andalusian provinces bears the same name as its capital: Andalusia is traditionally divided into two historical subregions: Within the various autonomous communities of Spain, comarcas are comparable to shires or, in some countries, counties in the English-speaking world. Unlike in some of Spain's other autonomous communities, under the original Statute of Autonomy, the comarcas of Andalusia had no formal recognition, but, in practice, they still had informal recognition as geographic, cultural, historical, or in some cases administrative entities.
The Statute of Autonomy echoes this practice, and mentions comarcas in Article 97 of Title III, which defines the significance of comarcas and establishes a basis for formal recognition in future legislation. The current statutory entity that most closely resembles a comarca is the mancomunidad , a freely chosen, bottom-up association of municipalities intended as an instrument of socioeconomic development and coordination between municipal governments in specific areas.
Beyond the level of provinces, Andalusia is further divided into municipalities municipios. At the municipal level, representation, government and administration is performed by the ayuntamiento municipal government , which has competency for urban planning , community social services, supply and treatment of water, collection and treatment of waste, and promotion of tourism, culture, and sports, among other matters established by law.
In conformity with the intent to devolve control as locally as possible, in many cases, separate nuclei of population within municipal borders each administer their own interests. Andalusia ranks first by population among the 17 autonomous communities of Spain.
The estimated population at the beginning of was 8,, The population is aging, although the process of immigration is countering the inversion of the population pyramid. At the end of the 20th century, Andalusia was in the last phase of demographic transition. The death rate stagnated at around 8—9 per thousand, and the population came to be influenced mainly by birth and migration.
In , Andalusia had By , this had declined to Although the Andalusian population was not declining in absolute terms, these relative losses were due to emigration great enough to nearly counterbalance having the highest birth rate in Spain.
Since the s, this process has reversed on all counts,  and as of , Andalusia has Furthermore, prior emigrants have been returning to Andalusia. Beginning in the s, others have been immigrating in large numbers as well, as Spain has become a country of net immigration.
At the beginning of the 21st century, statistics show a slight increase in the birth rate, due in large part to the higher birth rate among immigrants.
At the beginning of the 21st century, the population structure of Andalusia shows a clear inversion of the population pyramid, with the largest cohorts falling between ages 25 and As far as composition by sex, two aspects stand out: This is a relatively low number for a Spanish region, the national average being three percentage points higher. The immigrants are not evenly distributed among the Andalusian provinces: The predominant nationalities among the immigrant populations are Moroccan 92,, constituting When comparing regions rather than individual countries, the single largest immigrant block is from Latin America , outnumbering either North Africans or non-Spanish Western Europeans.
Andalusia is traditionally an agricultural area, but the service sector particularly tourism, retail sales, and transportation now predominates.
The once booming construction sector, hit hard by the recession , was also important to the region's economy. The industrial sector is less developed than most other regions in Spain. Between — economic growth per annum was 3. The primary sector , despite adding the least of the three sectors to the regional GDP remains important, especially when compared to typical developed economies.
The primary sector produces 8. The primary sector is divided into a number of subsectors: For many centuries, Andalusian society was mainly agricultural. Using irrigation, maize , cotton and rice are also grown on the banks of the Guadalquivir and Genil. Organic farming has recently undergone rapid expansion in Andalusia, mainly for export to European markets but with increasing demand developing in Spain.
Andalusia has a long tradition of animal husbandry and livestock farming, but it is now restricted mainly to mountain meadows, where there is less pressure from other potential uses. Andalusians have a long and colourful history of dog breeding that can be observed throughout the region today. The raising of livestock now plays a semi-marginal role in the Andalusian economy, constituting only 15 percent of the primary sector, half the number for Spain taken as a whole.
Although the productivity is higher than with extensive techniques, the economics are quite different. While intensive techniques now dominate in Europe and even in other regions of Spain, most of Andalusia's cattle , virtually all of its sheep and goats , and a good portion of its pigs are raised by extensive farming in mountain pastures. Andalusia's native sheep and goats present a great economic opportunity in a Europe where animal products are generally in strong supply, but the sheep and goat meat, milk, and leather and the products derived from these are relatively scarce.
Dogs are bred not just as companion animals, but also as herding animals used by goat and sheep herders. Hunting remains relatively important in Andalusia, but has largely lost its character as a means of obtaining food.
It is now more of a leisure activity linked to the mountain areas and complementary to forestry and the raising of livestock. The Andalusian forests are important for their extent—50 percent of the territory of Andalusia—and for other less quantifiable environmental reasons, such as their value in preventing erosion, regulating the flow of water necessary for other flora and fauna.
For these reasons, there is legislation in place to protect the Andalusian forests. This comes mostly from cultivated species— eucalyptus in Huelva and poplar in Granada—as well as naturally occurring cork oak in the Sierra Morena. Fishing is a longstanding tradition on the Andalusian coasts. Fish and other seafood have long figured prominently in the local diet and in the local gastronomic culture: The Andalusian fishing fleet is Spain's second largest, after Galicia , and Andalusia's 38 fishing ports are the most of any Spanish autonomous community.
Failure to comply with fisheries laws regarding the use of trawling, urban pollution of the seacoast, destruction of habitats by coastal construction for example, alteration of the mouths of rivers, construction of ports , and diminution of fisheries by overexploitation  have created a permanent crisis in the Andalusian fisheries, justifying attempts to convert the fishing fleet. The decrease in fish stocks has led to the rise of aquaculture , including fish farming both on the coasts and in the interior.
Despite the general poor returns in recent years, mining retains a certain importance in Andalusia. Andalusia produces half of Spain's mining product by value. Of Andalusia's production, roughly half comes from the province of Huelva. Mining for precious metals at Minas de Riotinto in Huelva see Rio Tinto Group dates back to pre-Roman times; the mines were abandoned in the Middle Ages and rediscovered in In addition, limestone, clay, and other materials used in construction are well distributed throughout Andalusia.
The Andalusian industrial sector has always been relatively small. Nevertheless, in , Andalusian industry earned In a comparison with the Spanish economy, this subsector is virtually the only food that has some weight in the national economy with On the contrary it is symptomatic of how little weight the regional economy in such important sectors such as textiles or electronics at the national level.
Andalusian industry is also characterized by a specialization in industrial activities of transforming raw agricultural and mineral materials. This is largely done by small enterprises without the public or foreign investment more typical of a high level of industrialization. In recent decades the Andalusian tertiary service sector has grown greatly, and has come to constitute the majority of the regional economy, as is typical of contemporary economies in developed nations.
In , this had risen to This process of "tertiarization" of the economy has followed a somewhat unusual course in Andalusia. There were two principal reasons that "tertiarization" followed a different course in Andalusia than elsewhere:.
Andalusian capital found it impossible to compete in the industrial sector against more developed regions, and was obligated to invest in sectors that were easier to enter. The absence of an industrial sector that could absorb displaced agricultural workers and artisans led to the proliferation of services with rather low productivity.
This unequal development compared to other regions led to a hypertrophied and unproductive service sector, which has tended to reinforce underdevelopment, because it has not led to large accumulations of capital.
Due in part to the relatively mild winter and spring climate, the south of Spain is attractive to overseas visitors—especially tourists from Northern Europe. Among the autonomous communities, Andalusia is second only to Catalonia in tourism, with nearly 30 million visitors every year. The principal tourist destinations in Andalusia are the Costa del Sol and secondarily the Sierra Nevada.
As discussed above , Andalusia is one of the sunniest and warmest places in Europe, making it a center of "sun and sand" tourism. The largest number of tourists come in August— In , the Blue Flag beach program of the non-profit Foundation for Environmental Education recognized 66 Andalusian beaches and 18 pleasure craft ports as being in a good state of conservation in terms of sustainability, accessibility, and quality.
However, Hotel chains such as Fuerte Hotels have ensured that sustainability within the tourism industry is one of their highest priorities.
Together with "sand and sun" tourism, there has also been a strong increase in nature tourism in the interior, as well as cultural tourism , sport tourism, and conventions [ citation needed ]. One example of sport and nature tourism is the ski resort at Sierra Nevada National Park. As for cultural tourism, Andalusia has some notable monuments dating back to the Muslim era: There are hundreds of cultural tourist destinations: Each of the provinces shows a great variety of architectural styles: Islamic architecture , Renaissance architecture , Baroque architecture and more modern styles.
Further, there are the Lugares colombinos , significant places in the life of Christopher Columbus: There are also archeological sites of great interest: There are numerous other significant museums around the region, both of paintings and of archeological artifacts such as gold jewelry, pottery and other ceramics, and other works that demonstrate the region's artisanal traditions. As in any modern society, transport systems are an essential structural element of the functioning of Andalusia.
The transportation network facilitates territorial coordination, economic development and distribution, and intercity transportation. In urban transport, underdeveloped public transport systems put pedestrian traffic and other non-motorized traffic are at a disadvantage compared to the use of private vehicles. For over a century, the conventional rail network has been centralized on the regional capital, Seville, and the national capital, Madrid; in general, there are no direct connections between provincial capitals.
Further AVE routes are under construction. It has a daily link with twenty cities in Spain and over a hundred cities in Europe mainly in Great Britain, Central Europe and the Nordic countries but also the main cities of Eastern Europe: Algeciras is Spain's leading commercial port, with 60,, tonnes 66,, short tons of cargo in The lack of high-quality fossil fuels in Andalusia has led to a strong dependency on petroleum imports.
Still, Andalusia has a strong potential for the development of renewable energy , above all wind energy. The Andalusian Energy Agency established in by the autonomous government, is a new governmental organ charged with the development of energy policy and provision of a sufficient supply of energy for the community.
The infrastructure for production of electricity consists of eight large thermal power stations , more than 70 hydroelectric power plants, two wind farms , and 14 major cogeneration facilities. It is the largest existing solar power facility in Europe. Two more large thermosolar facilities, Andasol I y II , planned at Hoya de Guadix in the province of Granada are expected to supply electricity to half a million households.
As throughout Spain, basic education in Andalusia is free and compulsory. Students are required to complete ten years of schooling, and may not leave school before the age of 16, after which students may continue on to a baccalaureate , to intermediate vocational education , to intermediate-level schooling in arts and design, to intermediate sports studies, or to the working world.
Andalusia has a tradition of higher education dating back to the Middle Ages and the Madrasah of Granada , University of Baeza , and University of Osuna. As of , there are ten private or public universities in Andalucia. University studies are structured in cycles, awarding degrees based on ECTS credits in accord with the Bologna process , which the Andalusian universities are adopting in accord with the other universities of the European Higher Education Area. Responsibility for healthcare jurisdictions devolved from the Spanish government to Andalusia with the enactment of the Statute of Autonomy.
Thus, the Andalusian Health Service Servicio Andaluz de Salud currently manages almost all public health resources of the Community, with such exceptions as health resources for prisoners and members of the military, which remain under central administration. The Council of Innovation, Science and Business is the organ of the autonomous government responsible for universities, research, technological development, industry, and energy.
The Andalusian government deployed , Ubuntu desktop computers in their schools. Andalusia has international, national, regional, and local media organizations, which are active gathering and disseminating information as well as creating and disseminating entertainment.
Different newspapers are published for each Andalusian provincial capital, comarca , or important city. Often, the same newspaper organization publishes different local editions with much shared content, with different mastheads and different local coverage. There are also popular papers distributed without charge, again typically with local editions that share much of their content. No single Andalusian newspaper is distributed throughout the region, not even with local editions.
Grupo Joly is based in Andalucia, backed by Andalusian capital, and publishes eight daily newspapers there. The culture of Andalusia has been shaped by its particular history and geography, as well as its complex flows of population.
Andalusia has been home to a succession of peoples and civilizations, many very different from one another, each impacting the settled inhabitants. All have affected Andalusian identity and culture, which was already delineated in the 19th century and diffused widely in the literary and pictorial genre of the costumbrismo andaluz. In the 19th century, Andalusian culture came to be widely viewed as the Spanish culture par excellence , in part thanks to the perceptions of romantic travellers.
In the words of Ortega y Gasset:. Andalusia, which has never shown the swagger nor petulancy of particularism; that has never pretended to the status of a State apart, is, of all the Spanish regions, the one that possesses a culture most radically its own. Throughout the 19th century, Spain has submitted itself to the hegemonic influence of Andalusia.
The dominant ideas have an Andalusian accent. One reads southern authors. One speaks at all times of the "land of the Most Holy Virgin Mary".
The thief from the Sierra Morena and the smuggler are national heroes. All Spain feels its existence justified by the honor of having on its flanks the Andalusian piece of the planet.
Around , like so many other things, this changes. The North sits up. Andalusia has been the birthplace of many great artists: Since the Neolithic era, Andalusia has preserved important megaliths , such as the dolmens at the Cueva de Menga and the Dolmen de Viera , both at Antequera. Some of the greatest architecture in Andalusia dates from the Muslim era: The traditional architecture of Andalusia retains its Roman and Arab roots, with a marked Mediterranean character strongly conditioned by the climate.
Traditional urban houses are constructed with shared walls to minimize exposure to high exterior temperatures. Solid exterior walls are painted with lime to minimize the heating effects of the sun. In accord with the climate and tradition of each area, the roofs may be terraces or tiled in the Roman imbrex and tegula style.
Other characteristic elements are decorative and functional wrought iron gratings , and the tiles known as azulejos. Landscaping—both for common private homes and homes on a more lavish scale—also carries on older traditions, with plants, flowers, and fountains, pools, and streams of water.
Beyond these general elements, there are also specific local architectural styles, such as the flat roofs , roofed chimneys, and radically extended balconies of the Alpujarra , the cave dwellings of Guadix and of Granada's Sacromonte , or the traditional architecture of the Marquisate of Zenete.
The monumental architecture of the centuries immediately after the Reconquista often displayed an assertion of Christian hegemony through architecture that referenced non-Arab influences. Seville and its kingdom also figured prominently in this era, as is shown by the Casa consistorial de Sevilla , the Hospital de las Cinco Llagas or the Charterhouse of Jerez de la Frontera. Andalusia also preserves an important industrial patrimony related to various economic activities.
Besides the architecture of the cities, there is also much outstanding rural architecture: The Sevillian school of sculpture dating from the 13th century onward and the Granadan school beginning toward the end of the 16th century both focused primarily on Christian religious subject matter, including many wooden altarpieces.
Non-religious sculpture has also existed in Andalusia since antiquity. A fine example from the Renaissance era is the decoration of the Casa de Pilatos in Seville. Nonetheless, non-religious sculpture played a relatively minor role until such 19th-century sculptors as Antonio Susillo.
As in sculpture, there were Sevillian and the Granadan schools of painting. The Museum of Fine Arts of Seville and the Prado  contain numerous representative works of the Sevillian school of painting. A specific romantic genre known as costumbrismo andaluz depicts traditional and folkloric Andalusian subjects, such as bullfighting scenes, dogs, and scenes from Andalusia's history.
Its most illustrious representative was Pablo Picasso , one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. The city has a Museum and Natal House Foundation , dedicated to the painter. Andalusia plays a significant role in the history of Spanish-language literature, however not all of the important literature associated with Andalusia was written in Spanish.
Before , there was the literature written in Andalusian Arabic. Ibn Quzman , of the 12th century, crafted poems in the colloquial Andalusian language. Also of this generation were the Quintero brothers , dramatists who faithfully captured Andalusian dialects and idiosyncrasies. Certain Andalusian fictional characters have become universal archetypes: Ballads, lullabies, street vendor's cries, nursery rhymes, and work songs are plentiful.
The music of Andalusia includes traditional and contemporary music, folk and composed music, and ranges from flamenco to rock. Conversely, certain metric, melodic and harmonic characteristics are considered Andalusian even when written or performed by musicians from elsewhere. Flamenco, perhaps the most characteristically Andalusian genre of music and dance, originated in the 18th century, but is based in earlier forms from the region.
The influence of the traditional music and dance of the Romani people or Gypsies is particularly clear. The genre embraces distinct vocal cante flamenco , guitar toque flamenco , and dance baile flamenco styles. The Andalusian Statute of Autonomy reflects the cultural importance of flamenco in its Articles Guiding principles of public policy: Also within the Autonomous Community of Andalucia is the exclusive competence in knowledge, conservation, research, training, promotion and dissemination of flamenco as a unique element of the Andalusian cultural heritage.
Prominent Andalusian rock groups include Triana and Medina Azahara. The portrayal of Andalusia in film is often reduced to archetypes: These images particularly predominated from the s through the s, and helped to consolidate a cliched image of the region. During the dictatorship of Francisco Franco , this was the extent of the film industry in Andalusia. Counting together feature films, documentaries, television programs, music videos etc. Andalusia has a wide array of social customs, many of which have their roots in the Islamic traditions integrated into the culture of the area under Muslim rule.
Each sub-region in Andalusia has its own unique customs that represent a fusion of Catholicism and local folklore. Traditional dress in all areas of Andalusia tends to be colorful and involve various head coverings reminiscent of a Muslim past.
The sombrero de Labrador , a worker's hat made of black velvet, is a signature style of the region. The tablao flamenco dance and the accompanying cante jondo vocal style originated in Granada.
They are believed to have their roots in oriental, Gregorian, Moorish, and Jewish music. This music is most often performed by the gypsy Romani , who are more numerous in Granada than anywhere else in Spain. Saetas evoke strong emotion and are sung most often during public processions. The region also has a rich musical tradition of flamenco songs, or palos called cartageneras. Seville celebrates Semana Santa , one of the better known religious events within Spain.
During the festival, religious fraternities dress as penitents and carry large floats of lifelike wooden sculptures representing scenes of the Passion , and images of the Virgin Mary. Sevillanas , a type of old folk music sung and written in Seville and still very popular, are performed in fairs and festivals, along with an associated dance for the music, the Baile por sevillanas.
All the different regions of Andalusia have developed their own distinctive customs, but all share a connectedness to Catholicism and the region's Muslim cultural past.
Andalusian Spanish is one of the most widely spoken forms of Spanish in Spain, and because of emigration patterns was very influential on Latin American Spanish. Rather than a single dialect, it is really a range of dialects sharing some common features; among these is the retention of more Arabic words than elsewhere in Spain,   as well as some phonological differences compared with Standard Spanish.
The isoglosses that mark the borders of Andalusian Spanish overlap to form a network of divergent boundaries, so there is no clear border for the linguistic region. The territory now known as Andalusia fell within the sphere of influence of ancient Mediterranean mythological beliefs.
The Islote de Sancti Petri held the supposed tomb of Hercules, with representations of his Twelve labors ; the region was the traditional site of the tenth labor, obtaining the cattle of the monster Geryon. Traditionally, the Pillars of Hercules flank the Strait of Gibraltar. The present coat of arms of Andalusia shows Hercules between two lions, with two pillars behind these figures. Roman Catholicism is, by far, the largest religion in Andalusia. In , the proportion of Andalusians that identify themselves as Roman Catholic was While some trace the lineage of the Spanish Fighting Bull back to Roman times, today's fighting bulls in the Iberian peninsula and in the former Spanish Empire trace back to Andalusia in the 15th and 16th centuries.
The oldest bullring still in use in Spain is the neoclassical Plaza de toros in Ronda , built in The Andalusian festivals provide a showcase for popular arts and traditional costume. Festivals of a religious nature are a deep Andalusian tradition and are met with great popular fervor. There are numerous major festivals during Holy Week. The Andalusian diet varies, especially between the coast and the interior, but in general is a Mediterranean diet based on olive oil , cereals , legumes , vegetables , fish , dried fruits and nuts , and meat ; there is also a great tradition of drinking wine.
There are several Denominaciones de Origen , each with its own specifications including in just which microclimate region ham of a particular denomination must be cured. Confectionery is popular in Andalusia. Almonds and honey are common ingredients. Many enclosed convents of nuns make and sell pastries, especially Christmas pastries: Hot and cold soups based in olive oil, garlic, bread, tomato and peppers include gazpacho , salmorejo , porra antequerana , ajo caliente , sopa campera , or—using almonds instead of tomato— ajoblanco.
Wine has a privileged place at the Andalusian table. Andalusian wines are known worldwide, especially fortified wines such as sherry jerez , aged in soleras. Condado de Huelva , D. Montilla-Moriles , and D. Andalusia also produces D. Vinagre de Jerez and D. The traditional dress of 18th-century Andalusia was strongly influenced by majismo within the context of casticismo purism, traditionalism, authenticity. The archetype of the majo and maja was that of a bold, pure Spaniard from a lower-class background, somewhat flamboyant in his or her style of dress.
This emulation of lower-class dress also extended to imitating the clothes of brigands and Romani "Gypsy" women. Andalusia is also known for its dogs, particularly the Andalusian Hound , which was originally bred in the region. Dogs, not just andalusian hounds, are very popular in the region. Andalusian equestrianism, institutionalized in the Royal Andalusian School of Equestrian Art is known well beyond the borders of Spain. The Andalusian horse is strongly built, compact yet elegant, distinguished in the area of dressage and show jumping , and is also an excellent horse for driving.
They are known for their elegant "dancing" gait. In Andalusia, as throughout Spain, football is the predominant sport. Introduced to Spain by British men who worked in mining for Rio Tinto in the province of Huelva, the sport soon became popular with the local population. Betis won La Liga in —35 and Sevilla in the —46 season. The Andalusia autonomous football team is not in any league, and plays only friendly matches. In recent years, they have played mostly during the Christmas break of the football leagues.
They play mostly against national teams from other countries, but would not be eligible for international league play, where Spain is represented by a single national team. Unlike basketball, handball has never really taken off in Andalusia. There is one Andalusian team in the Liga Asobal , Spain's premier handball league: Andalusia's strongest showing in sports has been in table tennis.
There are two professional teams: Cajasur is also one of the league's leading teams. In all, Andalusians have won 6 gold medals, 11 silver, and 2 bronze. Seville has been a pre-candidate to host the Summer Olympics in two occasions, and , and Granada has been a pre-candidate to host the winter Olympics; neither has ever succeeded in its candidature.
Other sporting events in Andalusia include surfing , kitesurfing and windsurfing competitions at Tarifa , various golf tournaments at courses along the coast, and horse racing and polo at several locations in the interior. Also Andalusia has a collaboration agreement with Guerrero Mexico. A watchtower in Jerez de la Frontera. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the autonomous community of modern Spain.
For the medieval Islamic state which covered most of Iberia, see Al-Andalus. For other uses, see Andalusia disambiguation. Autonomous community in Spain. Emblem of Andalusia and Flag of Andalusia. Al-Andalus and Timeline of the Muslim presence in the Iberian peninsula. La Fuensanta , considered a quintessential rendition of Andalusian beauty. Puerta de Sevilla gate in Carmona.
Arcos de la Frontera. Fuente de los Leones in Baeza. Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 8 September The Art of Islamic Spain. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Restle, David; Zaefferer, Dietmar, eds. Archived from the original PDF on June 27, Only a few years after the Islamic conquest of Spain, Al-Andalus appears in coin inscriptions as the Arabic equivalent of Hispania. The traditionally held view that the etymology of this name has to do with the Vandals is shown to have no serious foundation.
The phonetic, morphosyntactic, and also historical problems connected with this etymology are too numerous. Moreover, the existence of this name in various parts of central and northern Spain proves that Al-Andalus cannot be derived from this Germanic tribe. Undoubtedly, the name is of Pre-Indo-European origin. The parts of this compound anda and luz are frequent in the indigenous toponymy of the Iberian Peninsula.
La identidad andaluza in Spanish. Retrieved 7 December See the digitization of the relevant document on the site of the Spanish Ministry of Culture. Enter "Gelo" in the search box "Buscador Localidades" and look at image number 3. One Europe, many nations: Retrieved 11 December Andalucia, a cultural history.
Oxford University Press US. Centro de Estudios Andaluces. En los andaluces dieron un amplio respaldo al consenso constitucional.
Andalusian Statute of Autonomy on Wikisource , in Spanish. Retrieved 18 August Does perfectly what it says on the tin. Just wish the Spanish justice web site had a recognisable web certificate. Many thanks have sent small donation CT. Good to see you paid the fine successfully.
Infact, when you have to fill the form with details of the credit card, the page is not https but bonly http and Chrome show a security advice. Thank you very much, Lorenzo. It is entirely up to you. However, if I were at your position, I would have paid using a credit card with very low credit limit and probably which is expiring very soon and keep an eye on the statement to see if there is any suspicious transactions in it. Even if your credit card details are stolen and misused by someone else, you should be able to claim that money back from your credit card provider.
Thanks for this very informative description of how to pay. I have tried all sorts of combinations but get stuck after having inserted the credit card number — I just get the response Invalid information. Hello — are you able to help at all. Can anyone suggest another number?
My partner has received a fine through the post after hiring a car in Malaga however it was my brother-in-law driving.
We would like to discuss it with someone and have the fine transfered to the correct person. You need to contact them explaining that the post was late and you should receive the reduction.
Usually they are helpful with this. Regarding the number — I am not sure why are you not getting through. I just rang them to test and it works fine. There is no way in the world that a non-Spanish speaker could work any of this out. Well done you for putting this on the web. I have also been caught speeding in Spain but i was a second driver on the car and the letters were sent to my co worker who hired the car.
I tried to compete the form as you described with my passport details but it did not work. Could this be because the fines are against his passport? Hi there, thank you for the instructions to pay a spanish speeding fine. Just wanted to say thanks for this info, Got caught speeding last Oct and just paid today, even got half price knocked off, which was a relief.
Your help and instructions were much appreciated. I paid the fine with ease and everything was clear and concise. Hi, your instructions are very clear for paying the fine online, thank you, but my problem is ive got as far as credit card details and when i enter them it comes up incorrect data, could this be because the credit card im using is in my name and the fine is in my daughters name?
Can anyone confirm if there is a time limit from the date of offence until something is sent out in the post? I was in Spain in October and was unaware of committing a traffic violation until the car hire company charged me an administration fee early January. As yet nothing arrived on my doormat in the UK confirming the misdemeanour and the expected fine. But if you want — you can give DGT a call and ask the same question to them. As, Spanish authorities are well known for messing up things.
Your detailed help made things so much easier, I was tempted to ignore and not to pay, but the worry of being pulled at customs or on a stop by the plod was a worry, but hey I got the discount, and bearing in mind I ignored the first letter to arrive, but the second needed a signature by the postman, so I thought I was stuffed! I am trying to pay my spanish fine from Catala de Transit following your steps but cant get record number accepted.
Any ideas can this be paid online. Hi i received a letter from Hertz sept stating they were charging me 35 euros for providing my details for a driving offence dated 10 july in Granada.
To date i have not received any official paperwork from anyone. The fine was for 40 euros but i only have a copy of the paper work from Hertz.
Any suggestions as i was wanting to return to Spain this year? The speeding fine letter could be lost in the post. Followed all instructions but kept getting an Invalid number.
Rang the DGT as advised and were told that as the fine was given in Catalunya Barcelona area I had to deal directly with them. I was given a phone no. The process was handled very quickly and efficiently. I was given a Control number as a receipt. Hope this is helpful.
Used this number to pay my speeding fine. Great site and very clear helpful instructions. I only received the fine notice today, 4 months after the offence in October!
I made enquiries with the agents, http: Apart from eventually sending me a copy invoice showing I had paid that penalty they have not answered my questions about what it was for.
Many thanks Mamum for the site. I successfully paid the 50 euros with the discount and now wondering if the car rental company would charge me for the kindness to share my data with the police, like some other commenters experienced.
There is a probability that you car hire company may charge you for that. It seems for last couple of years they started doing this. Speed limit put in place not for the size of a country, it is more like the probability of risk of accident associated with the part of the road. Hi, Jozsef I also was fined for speeding which came through the post first and with mamuns help I paid this and got the discount.
I have also been told that I am liable for a fine by my hire car company Goldstar … thay have already passed details on to the Spanish police. However the alleged offence happened around 16th September , and there appears to be a cut-off point of 60 days after which the issue of the fine is invalid. Do you know if this is true? Any thoughts would be appreciated. My offense was the 20th October and I received a fine on the 24th November which I managed to pay online with the help of Mamun.
Hopefully yours is time barred. Thanks Mamun for your really helpful website, without you I would still be trying to pay my speeding fine. I tried for 2 days before i came across your website. I am really grateful as i was worried about being arrested on my return to Spain next year if I had not paid. Thanks a lot for those kind words. Glad to see you paid the fine at the end.
Enjoy your trip to sunny Spain next year: Sorry to bother you but after paying the fine I now have a letter from the hire company asking me to pay them Do you know if i have to pay that too and what might happen if I dont.
Thanks in advance for your help. Sorry to trouble you again but I was wondering if you knew anything about car hire companies charging you for providing your details to the spanish traffic dept when you have been caught speeding.
After paying my fine with your hel I have now recieved a letter from Gesthispania asking me to deposit 36 euros into a bank account. I dont think I should pay. Maybe I should holiday at home. Many thanks in advance for your help. Thanks Mamun for your reply, I will wait and see what happens.
I will let you know how it goes incase it helps somebody else. Sorry about the misunderstanding with the letter we sent you. Actually, the letter wants to inform you that Hertz will debit your credit card for management costs by providing your information to the traffic department.
If the charge on the credit card could not be done, then I would request that Hertz will enter the amount. Hi, Paid successfully the penalty. I do have the number that was issued. Is there a way to re-enter this number I got or my email in order to get the receipt? The reference number on the bottom of the demand is the same number preceded ny 00 and ending in a 2.
Making up 12 numbers from all these combinations still wont get it accepted. In this case you can try this link http: Yes, you are right, I managed to pay the fine in the end same link as you posted, although i slogged through the government website vis traffic and make a payment to get there and using Chrome translate managed to sort it out. It accepted my 10 digit reference number and the passport number being the identification number on the summons my birth date and not the actual passport number.
If you ignored it all providing you have a british licence and reside not in spain, you would have saved a euros. There is no sharing of data between the dvla and the equivalents in Spain. Once the hire company has passed on your details their involvement ends, though a lot will just pay it and deduct it from your card.
If you are driving your own car. All they would have is gone to a debt collector who is a member of the BPA AOS scheme and got you registered keeper details from them then sent you a series of unenforceable invoices that you ignore.
They give up you live your life. Mamun, thanks so much! I was tearing my hair out! Great posting — used it with ease — need to make sure I slow down next time I visit Spain! Just used this website — very useful and easy to follow, made the actual transaction very straight forward so thanks! Would not have had a clue how to respond otherwise and may well have left just to see what would have happened. May have found out the hard way when I next appeared at passport control at Malaga airport!
Thanks a lot, we managed to get to the right page without your guide but were then stumped. So the step by step help was great. Received a fine in the post this week dating back to June for euros. Not quite sure what he did — possibly drove in a wrong lane. The form came up in English without having to select the option. After having spent hours trying to translate the speeding ticket — i thankfully came across this post.
Thank you for the very useful information and the detailed pics of the website. I had to pay the care hire firm a fee of 25euros for them to pass on my details!
My boss received a fine which I had to pay today. I could not get through by phone so put the phone number in google and your blog came up first. It saved me hours. I have a rather complicated situation. I own a rental property in coastal spain, and my car is registered there. My property manager usually handles these things for me, but when I received a speeding ticket notice in September, she was unable to retrieve it from the post office, even with a copy of my passport, and now it has been sent back.
How would I go about retrieving this? Even my Spanish friends are stumped! You can ring to and ask them to send you an English version of the letter at your UK address.
I found this link elsewhere, which did the trick for me: Gt the discount automatically — despite being late mail to whe I live took a month, and I paid 2 weeks after receipt. Thank you for this helpful site. Spain is a bureaucratic nightmare at best, you saved me hours! It once took me 5 hours to get admitted to hospital when I was gravely sick, they made me go and get a load of forms from all sorts of different government buildings on a Sunday, even though I had holiday insurance!
Had 2 fines on one day near Badajoz last month even though I was only 10kph over the limit both times. Thanks for relevant info,just received speeding fine,without your Knowledge would not have clue how to pay this. All the best Kind regards Ken. Today I received a letter from Gesthispania S. I hold my hands up it was me! I would like to pay this and I will use your directions to which people have used sucessfully.
Paid 50 euros using your instructions, brilliant. Stoped any further payments to car hire company. Today original fine paperwork turned up in the post. Suggest you pay the fine using this link as they will more than likely catch up with you.
Thanks again for such a great site. Indeed, the letter wants to inform you that Hertz will debit your credit card for management costs by providing your information to the traffic department of Spain. This information is included in the rental agreement that you signed when making the rental vehicle must not think that is a fraud.
Have just paid my speeding fine using your wonderful clear instructions. Thank you do much! My sister in law was expecting the worst and you made it super simple. Do you mean if someone is driving on 51mph on a 50mph road, they will consider this as within legal speed limit?
Thank you so much for posting these instructions. I had spent lots of time trying to pay and so glad I found your post. Thank you very much Indeed. Truly simple and clear instruction that even I could understand. Thank you very much. Let us hope my next entry into Spain does not cause a problem. John, I hope you sorted this? Although a bit late now, I found the following site useful, as I had the same problem as you:. As Nic Heald mentioned, you can use your passport no. I do not live in spain but have a house there and a spanish plated car.
I picked up a speeding fine after I lent a friend my car I was fined 50euros. Does spain have a penalty points system in place like the U.
K If so what do I now do about getting my friend to acknowledge and accept the points on to his license. Thanks a lot for the help in connection with the payment. I speak spanish fairly good — come from Denmark — but could not manage to pay the bill. Only with the help from your page here I suceeded. Thanks to all for posting this information. For any North Americans out there: I followed the link and instructions from Darren, posted 6 Sep Rest of the instructions worked like a charm. Fine was reduced to 50 EUR, and printed my receipt three minutes later.
Hi All, Same story as everyone else, in that I received a fine after my holiday. Anyway you saved me so much time. Thanks to Nic and especially Mamun for setting up the site. But, I follwowed the instructions above and managed to pay the fine within 5 minutes and got a 50 Euro reduction as well! Followed your instructions and paid fine, had been trying to pay for days found this site and got 50e reduction thanks again.
Having spoken to the dgt office on 00 34 the procedure for payment has now been made much easier as follows although it is rather long winded so step by step: In large yellow rectangular box on right click on first option — Pago de multas en internet 3. On next screen click on option a in bottom half of screen — Pago de multas sin certificado digital ni DNTe 7. Fill in rest of form. Suggest that for those in N. It sounds like their SSL certificate is expired and your anti-virus software is warning you about this.
Please make sure you are at http: Probably you can speak to the lady again informing this. I spoke to a lady called Loa and I have tried to follow your instructions but she told me that I have to pay by credit card via the internet.
No other payment method is available? When I tried to follow her instructions my computer would not allow me into there system — recommending that it was not a trusted site. I was literally stressing to the max over paying this silly speeding fine as im quite a frequent visitor to Spain and thanks to your info I managed to sort within a matter of minutes. I was in the similar position as you when I first received the speeding fine letter.
It was kinda scary as I go to Spain quite often as well. I heard so many horrible stories from people i. EU wide arrest warrant, making pay Euro on the airport etc that I was more keen to pay the fine than the Spanish authority was expecting. Thanks for the comment. Good to know you saved 50 Euro too! Now you got to buy everyone drinks then! Speed fine from August family holiday, received recorded letter in Nov. E fine tried for an hour to pay, until I found this blog, all notes and link very helpful, managed to pay within 5 mins and rduced it to E50, thanks to everyone,.
I had a quite difficult time to pay the fine that is why I posted this information here, so no one will have hard time to pay the fine as long as they Google a bit: Phoned number as you suggested, waited, spoke in englsih and was immediately put through to a very helpful english speaking lady. Have managed to pay my fine online without having to make phone call. Thanks for the input. If they are allowing to pay non residents using the DGT site then it is a very good news for others!
I received a fine by post following a holiday in Mallorca. I found it fairly straightforward to pay on the dgt. Select passport from the id options, provide your passport number, surname then first name, and input the reference number N.
Type in the digits only 12 in my case ignoring the dashes and dots, and the total fine before discount. Mine was discounted automatically to 50 euros on the payment page where I was able to input credit card details and obtain a receipt.
One word of warning to all those who get their landline supplied by Virgin Media. If you think you were caught on the speed camera, just wait for the letter. Thanks very much, Mamun. Was the flash obvious for people who were caught speeding? Did people get points on their driving licence? Do you have to declare it to insurance companies, and criminal records? Sorry to badger you with so many questions.
Thanks so much for you useful post! Good to hear that you paid the fine without any hassle. Also it is new to me that you can pay the fine using their site. They were not allowing before if you were outside of Spain. In regards to the Italian fine, I would suggest to pay that too, or they may issue an EU wide warrant against you.
Also received a fine from Italy but have ignored it so far and have received 2 reminders tried to pay but it was too complicated. Ah well will not go to Italy for a while Mark Watson. Thanks a lot for the information!
I was lost after receiving the first letter and after googling on spanish speeding fine, I found your post. Has anyone paid the fine in spain,as i am returning on the 26th July,if so where do you pay it,any info appreciated. Did the Spanish Embassy give you any information? I heard there was no human to pick up the phone and answer any of your questions. Awaiting confrimation that the car regn tallies with paperwork [with friend.
Thanks again for the details of how to pay. Good to find your website re Spanish speeding fines. I received a registered-type letter informing me of a E speeding fine in Menorca on May 19th this year — the letter came on sat July 16th. It is the first notification I have received about the apparent offence. I appear to have been denied the opportunity of paying on time to receive a discount — any ideas how I can challenge this?
I am happy to pay a speeding fine once I confirm the car regn [same type of car -and dates tally with holiday date] but I should have received the notification in time to take advantage of the discount. I will phone Spanish Tourist Office in London tomorrow — would appreciate any advice available on my query. Good for you Dave the Rave: D, They allowed me only 30 Euro discount for paying promptly. I was very pleased to search out this web-site. I wished to thanks in your time for this wonderful learn!!
I positively enjoying each little little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. There is a myth that Online businesses have low running cost and become profitable in very short time.
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Speed camera fines — How to pay Spanish speeding or driving fine from the UK? Btw the DGT site has been updated, just a facelift. Does any one know how to pay the fine if the record number consists of 13 digits? Spent several hours online Have Avis charging two admin fees, and no contact email. Huge Thank You my friend. Had received a fine in post and was lost until I found this page.
As I go to Spain 3 times a year, it was essential to pay fine to avoid Border problems. Below is the instruction to the payment in English. You saved my life with this post! Best regards from Copenhagen, Denmark. There was no need for Passport or Driving Licence number to be supplied — Europcar it seems had kindly provided this to them ; When using Chrome, suggest you open an alternative browser in tandem, keeping that in the native Spanish language — this will help identify which reference goes in which box.
And it was only 50 euros. Excellent, Gill, this was spot on! Direct link to payment of fines without a digital signature , in English language, is here: This takes you direct to the fill in box page.
Your site helped a lot. Also I must thank TAz for the clear instructions. I cannot locate the record number in my fine? Or a reference number with 12 digit? Unfortunately I get this message when I do this: Any idea of a way around this?
Hey Mike, Did you get the fine sorted. We got 5 speeding fines so far from our trip to Spain. This is the error message we received: If the hire company has processed your fines correctly, you can pay over the phone. What should I do?
I cannot express how appreciative I am. Dear Mamun , I have 2 tickets in Madrid , Euro car charge me the fees and i didnt receive the ticket hard copy in the post. So how can i know the record number and date?
Where exactly did you get the fine from? I mean what is the area? Thanks for the information. I just payed 50 euros instead of a ! Hi, I have a speeding fine from Granada. Did you ever figure out how to pay the traffic ticket from granada? Update on my original post earlier in the year. Message to richard and original post. I have just successfully paid fine for speeding in catalonia by using your link richard!!
Yes that could be a reason, have you tried contacting them about the misspelling of your name? Hi Mamun Many thanks — it turned out that my fine was from Catalonia therefore I had to pay via gencat. Hi Mark, Could you please tell me how did you learn your fine was from Catalonia?
Hi Roy, It could be the reason that the fine is too old and got expired. Thank you soooo much for this guide. Hi Johnny, Just found your comment on the spam box. Any suggestions would be really gratefully appreciated!! Thanks, Looking forward to hearing from you. Hi Linda, Just found your comment on the spam box. Donation on the way. Hi Clive, Good to see you paid the fine successfully. Really appreciate the donation. Hi Lorenzo, It is entirely up to you. Have you tried ringing them Judit?
They are quite helpful on the phone. Have made a small donation. Any help will be appreciated. Hi Louise, You need to contact them explaining that the post was late and you should receive the reduction. If so do i just have to enter his details?
HI, Just wanted to say thanks for this info, Got caught speeding last Oct and just paid today, even got half price knocked off, which was a relief. Dear Mamun, Many thanks. Yap that could be it. Many thanks Mamun Your detailed help made things so much easier, I was tempted to ignore and not to pay, but the worry of being pulled at customs or on a stop by the plod was a worry, but hey I got the discount, and bearing in mind I ignored the first letter to arrive, but the second needed a signature by the postman, so I thought I was stuffed!
Hi Graham, Paying the fine is a good idea indeed. The signed for second letter proves that they are on it! Hi Tara, You can try this http: Which could be more hassle in the long run. Hi Jozsef, You are welcome. Let us know if you receive the charge from your car company. Hi Clarke, I think the best way would be wait for the letter from the Spanish authority. Hi Mike My offense was the 20th October and I received a fine on the 24th November which I managed to pay online with the help of Mamun.
Hi Bill, Thanks a lot for those kind words. Hi Mamun Sorry to bother you but after paying the fine I now have a letter from the hire company asking me to pay them Hi Mamun Sorry to trouble you again but I was wondering if you knew anything about car hire companies charging you for providing your details to the spanish traffic dept when you have been caught speeding. Probably we should wait to see if anyone else have the answer?
We hope we have clarified your doubt. Also — for peace of mind you can give them a ring and ask if they received the payment. Brilliant blog and again Many Thanks. I would be very greatful for any tips! Hi Mamun, Yes, you are right, I managed to pay the fine in the end same link as you posted, although i slogged through the government website vis traffic and make a payment to get there and using Chrome translate managed to sort it out. Thanks for all the great information, which has saved futher hours of frustration!
Hi Paul, No problem. Glad to hear that you paid the fine. Next time we all need to remember how not to press the accelerator too hard: Thanks for such a useful site? Hi Stephanie, You can ring to and ask them to send you an English version of the letter at your UK address.